Security in the Civil Nuclear and Aviation Sectors

Identifying Transferable Best Practices

WINS has conducted a major benchmarking research project over the past two years comparing the evolution of and future security challenges faced by the civil nuclear and aviation sectors with the purpose of identifying transferable best practices between them.

The research study has been funded by the MacArthur Foundation, and we wish to express our gratitude to the Foundation and its staff for providing the opportunity to conduct this important research, which should result in tangible and sustainable improvements.

Completed in consultation with experienced practitioners in both sectors and incorporating the insight of countless individuals with responsibilities for aviation and nuclear security, this research programme is the most comprehensive effort ever undertaken to benchmark security in these critical sectors, determine root causes of any differences, and identify opportunities for cross-sector improvement.

WINS Executive Director Dr Roger Howsley shared his findings at the IAEA International Conference on Nuclear Security 2020. His presentation can be viewed here.

Civil Nuclear and Aviation Security Benchmarking Study

Research Summary and Recommendations

This volume of the report summarises the overall conclusions of the research and provides recommendations for further work to identify cost-effective and achievable opportunities for cross-sector improvement. The Research Summary is available to download here.

The Research Summary is supported by other volumes that provide more detail on specific issues associated with the research. The structure of the supporting reports, which will be available in the coming weeks, is as follows:

Volume 2: An Overview of the International Civil Nuclear Security and Aviation Frameworks
Volume 3: Strategic Planning, Guidance Development and Involvement of Industry
Volume 4: International Oversight, Audit, Peer Review and Enforcement Powers
Volume 5: Professional Development, Training and Certification
Volume 6: Developments in Civil Nuclear and Aviation Security by Decade
Volume 7: Civil Nuclear Security Incident Database 1960 - 2019
Volume 8: Civil Aviation Security Incident Database 1930 - 2019
Volume 9: Research Programme and Methodology
Volume 10: Consolidated Recommendations

An Overview of the International Civil Nuclear Security and Aviation Frameworks

Volume 2 analyses the developments in both civil aviation and nuclear security since the formation of the UN-affiliated organisations that “oversee” each sector, namely the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).


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An Overview of the International Civil Nuclear Security and Aviation Frameworks

Strategic Planning, Guidance Development and Involvement of Industry

Volume 3 compares the efficacy of priority setting, performance measurement and reporting under ICAO's Global Aviation Security Plan (GASeP 2017) with the IAEA Nuclear Security Plan (2018-2021), examining the opportunities for cross-sector improvements. It also examines the committee structures within ICAO and the IAEA that develop security guidance, standards and recommendations, and the contribution made by the industry sectors.


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Strategic Planning, Guidance Development and Involvement of Industry

International Oversight, Audit, Peer Review and Enforcement Powers

Volume 4 explores the opportunities and challenges associated with the development of peer review and audit mechanisms for security in both the aviation and nuclear sectors. It also assesses the degree to which the presence or absence of enforcement powers in respect of security deficiencies has any significant impact on the levels of national compliance.


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International Oversight, Audit, Peer Review and Enforcement Powers

Professional Development, Training and Certification

Volume 5 reviews the evolution of civil nuclear and aviation security training, examining the key international stakeholders in both sectors, and the attitudes towards quality management and certification.


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Professional Development, Training and Certification

Developments in Civil Nuclear and Aviation Security by Decade

Volume 6 provides a “quick read” reviewing the major developments in civil nuclear and aviation security from the 1950s to the present day.


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Developments in Civil Nuclear and Aviation Security by Decade

Civil Nuclear Security Incident Database 1960 - 2019

Volume 7 provides a database of security incidents in the civil nuclear sector between 1960 and 2019 together with an analysis of the key trends.


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Civil Nuclear Security Incident Database 1960 - 2019

Civil Aviation Security Incident Database 1930 - 2019

Volume 8 tracks security incidents in the civil aviation sector between 1940 and 2019, together with an analysis of the key trends.


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Civil Aviation Security Incident Database 1930 - 2019

Research Programme and Methodology

Volume 9 describes the research study process and acknowledges key contributions.


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Research Programme and Methodology

Consolidated Recommendations

A consolidated list of detailed recommendations from the supporting volumes of this research study is available in Volume 10.


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Consolidated Recommendations

We thank the MacArthur Foundation for its support and contribution to world peace and security and hope that this research will lead to much needed changes in civil nuclear security implementation, worldwide. We also wish to thank the many talented, enthusiastic and knowledgeable contributors to the research.

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